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Plant-parasitic Hemipteran width wings
Plant-parasitic Hemipteran width wings (Pictures of Plant-parasitic Hemipterans)

Plant-parasitic Hemipterans (Sternorrhyncha)
Sternorrhyncha are a suborder in the order Hemiptera. This suborder is divided into 5 superfamilies, namely aphids (Aphidoidea), scale insects (Coccoidea), Psylloidea, whiteflies (Aleyrodoidea) and Phylloxeroidea. The Sternorrhyncha are common and widespread throughout the world. There are approximately 8, 000 species. Some 1060 species occur in Central Europe. Sternorrhyncha reach body lengths of 0. 5 - 38 mm. In shape and colouration, the species differ strongly.
Plant-parasitic Hemipteran - Sternorrhyncha
Plant-parasitic Hemipteran - Sternorrhyncha (Pictures of Plant-parasitic Hemipterans)
They all possess stinging-sucking mouthparts (a sting, a proboscis). Their antennae are relatively long and have one or more segments. The proboscis (rostrum) starts below the back of the head (in the hip region of the first pair of legs) and hangs backwards on the underside of the chest (thorax).
Sternorrhyncha (Pictures of Plant-parasitic Hemipterans)
Most Sternorrhyncha possess 2 pairs of wings (missing in some species), which are posited, when at rest, on the abdomen, forming a roof shape. The classification of different areas of the wings is a common feature of Sternorrhyncha, with the anal fields settles much of the rest of the wings. The front wings are thin.
Plant-parasitic Hemipteran
Plant-parasitic Hemipteran (Pictures of Plant-parasitic Hemipterans)
In some Sternorrhyncha species, the front legs are specially designed to grasp prey. The hind legs can be formed to jump or row. The feet of these insects have 1 or 2 joints.
Plant-parasitic Hemipteran on a leave
Plant-parasitic Hemipteran on a leave (Pictures of Plant-parasitic Hemipterans)
Sternorrhyncha live in rural areas and feed on the juices of various plants. While Coccoidea are not very flexible and usually remain in one place, aphids move relatively freely. Leaf fleas move by jumping.

Common namesWhiteflies, Scale Insects, Psyllids, Mealybugs, Jumping Plant Lice, Coccids, Aphids, Plant-parasitic Hemipterans
German namesPflanzenläuse
Dutch namesPlantenluizen
Finnish namesKirvansukuiset
Swedish namesVäxtlöss
AuthorAmyot & Serville, 1843

Eurasia (Asia, Europe, Russia, Caucasus)

America (North America, South America, Central America, Caribbean)

Africa (East Africa, Southern Africa, Central Africa, North Africa, West Africa)

Oceania (Australasia, Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia)

Antarctica (Subantarctic Islands)


Palaearctic, Nearctic, Afrotropical, Indo-Australian region (Malesia)


Cenozoic (Paleogene, Neogene, Quaternary)

Paleozoic (Cambrian, Permian, Ordovician, Carboniferous, Silurian, Devonian)

Mesozoic (Cretaceous, Jurassic, Triassic)

World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean (South Pacific)

Atlantic Ocean (British overseas territory Atlantic, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands)

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Links and ReferencesSternorrhyncha in
Sternorrhyncha in
Sternorrhyncha in
Sternorrhyncha in
Sternorrhyncha in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Plant-parasitic Hemipterans"
- White Flies
- Parthenolecanium corni
- Aphidoidea
  - Large Knapweed Aphid
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Plant-parasitic Hemipteran width wings
2. Plant-parasitic Hemipteran - Sternorrhyncha
3. Sternorrhyncha
4. Plant-parasitic Hemipteran
5. Plant-parasitic Hemipteran on a leave
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AuthorAmyot & Serville, 1843
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