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European paper wasp - Polistes dominulus
European paper wasp - Polistes dominulus


European paper wasp
The European paper wasp (Polistes dominula; synonym Polistes dominulus) is a species in the order Hymenoptera, the suborder Apocrita, the superfamily Vespoidea, the family Vespidae, and the subfamily paper wasps (Polistinae). This species of the genus Polistes is widespread and common in Southern Europe, Central Europe, Asia, North America and Australia. The Polistes dominula queens reach body lengths of 13 - 18 mm, while the workers and drones are 11 - 15 mm in length.
Wasp - Polistes dominulus
Wasp - Polistes dominulus
The European paper wasp has variable yellow and black patterns on the abdomen. The head is yellow and has a black spot in the middle. The antennae are yellow from the 3rd segment on. The underside of the last abdominal segment is yellow. The European paper wasp lives in open, warm habitats and is often found in human settlements. The adults feed on nectar and the larvae prey on insects.
Vespidae - Polistes dominulus - European paper wasp
Vespidae - Polistes dominulus - European paper wasp
In spring, a nest is founded by a young queen. The nest is made from wood, which is taken from dry or rotten plant stems, chewed and then bonded with saliva. The nests are often found in buildings, garages, sheds or blindboxes. When finished, nests consist of about 50 cells. They have no protective outer surface. Up to 30 workers live in a single nest. At the end of July, the adult females and males of the new generation appear. In September the wasps die with the exception of the fertilized young queens, which hibernate.
European paper wasp - front view
European paper wasp - front view
The European paper wasp poses no risk to humans. In fact, it is very useful as a plant pollinator and insect predator.
European paper wasp at flight
European paper wasp at flight
European paper wasp - Vespidae - Polistes dominulus
European paper wasp - Vespidae - Polistes dominulus


Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. European paper wasp - Polistes dominulus
2. Wasp - Polistes dominulus
3. Vespidae - Polistes dominulus - European paper wasp
4. European paper wasp - front view
5. European paper wasp at flight
6. European paper wasp - Vespidae - Polistes dominulus
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