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Ichneumon wasps - Ichneumonidae - Black and red
Ichneumon wasps - Ichneumonidae - Black and red


Ichneumon wasps
Ichneumon wasps (Ichneumonidae) are a family of wasps in the order Hymenoptera, the suborder Apocrita, the infraorder Terebrantia and the superfamily Ichneumonoidea. In Central Europe the family ichneumon wasps includes most species of Hymenoptera. Ichneumonidae includes the largest species of parasitoid Hymenoptera and is divided into 20 subfamilies.
Ichneumon wasps - Black and white
Ichneumon wasps - Black and white
Some species of ichneumon wasps are: Rhyssa persuasoria, Therion circumflexum, Dolichomitus dux), black slip wasp (Pimpla instigator) and Protichneumon pisorius.
Ichneumon wasp - Ichneumonidae - with ovipositor
Ichneumon wasp - Ichneumonidae - with ovipositor
Ichneumon wasps reach body lengths of 10-50 mm. The colouration of their bodies varies. . The basic colour is often black or reddish-brown. Many species have markings in red, white, yellow or brown. The antennae of most species have more than 16 segments. The presence and shape of the areole in the front wings is a major identifying characteristic. The females of many species have a long ovipositor. The abdomen is clearly separated from the front part of the body.

Ichneumon wasps are widespread in various habitats such as mixed forests, deciduous forests, coniferous forests, fields, wetlands, wood shots, clearings and forest deadfall.

Species which parasitise aphids can exploit up to 200 aphids in a week. The females lay their eggs on the surface of aphids. After one to two days, the larvae hatch and then eat the insides of the aphid out . They pupate in the hollowed out body of the aphid and after five days, the young adult wasps hatch. Some species specialize in spinning cocoons and live on their eggs.

Because the hatching wasps keep the populations of plant pests down, they are considered very useful. They are also actually used in agriculture to kill plant pests (aphids) or moths.

Genera1.887
Species39.148
Common namesIchneumonids, Scorpion wasps, Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumon flies, Ichneumonid wasps
German namesSchlupfwespen, Echte Schlupfwespen
Dutch namesGewone sluipwespen, Sluipwespen
Finnish namesVarsinaiset loispistiäiset, Ahmaspistiäiset, Aitoloispistiäinen
Swedish namesBrokparasitsteklar
French namesGuêpe ichneumon
AuthorLatreille, 1802
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Afrotropical
Neotropical
Indo-Australian region
Holarctic
Indo-Pacific


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesIchneumonidae in bie.ala.org.au
Ichneumonidae in faunaeur.org
Ichneumonidae in itis.gov
Ichneumonidae in dyntaxa.se
Ichneumonidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Ichneumon wasps"
- Black slip wasp
- Amblyteles armatorius
- Ichneumon molitorius
- Orange Caterpillar Parasite
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Ichneumon wasps - Ichneumonidae - Black and red
2. Ichneumon wasps - Black and white
3. Ichneumon wasp - Ichneumonidae - with ovipositor
Quick search: Ichneumon - Ichneumonidae - Wasp - Black - Red - Wasps
White - Body - Ovipositor - Fly - Terebrantia - Abdomen - Europe - Family
Sources, links and more informations
Ichneumon Wasps - Hymenoptera family Ichneumonidae
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderHymenoptera
Wasps, Bees, Ants, Sawflies, Ants and wasps
SuborderApocrita
True wasps, Bees, Ants, Narrow-waisted hymenopterans, Parasitic wasps, Wasps
InfraorderParasitica
Parasitoid wasps, Parasitic Apocrita, Parasitic wasps
SuperfamilyIchneumonoidea
Parasitic hymenoptera, Braconids and Ichneumons, Ichneumonoid wasps, Parasitic wasps
FamilyIchneumonidae
Ichneumonids, Scorpion wasps, Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumon flies, Ichneumonid wasps
AuthorLatreille, 1802
 Species overview
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Schlupfwespen
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