Scoliidae prefer warm temperatures. Adults (especially Campsomerinae) are flower visitors, feeding on nectar or honeydew. They are not aggressive.
|After mating, the females lay their eggs, 2-4 mm in length (depending on the species, inside scarab or weevil larvae. The host larva is stung in the neck or chest area and is repeatedly kneaded with the mouth parts (mandibles). The females then build tunnels in the earth, sometimes to a depth of one metre beneath the surface of the soil, and drag the permanently paralyzed host larvae into these, depositing them at the end. The host larva are thus stowed in an "incubator". One egg is placed on each host insect. During a period of one to three months, Scoliidae females can lay 50 or more eggs. After egg laying the female leaves the tunnel.|
|The scoliid wasp larvae hatch after about 1 week, under favourable conditions. For 1 - 2 weeks they feed on the body fluids of the host larvae and from the 4th larval stage on they eat the rest of the host larvae. After their last larval stage, scoliid wasps pupate in cocoons, which are often reddish to brown in colour. The Scoliidae larvae of most Palearctic species overwinter in a preliminary pupae stage. About one month after hatching from the eggs, the adult Scoliidae of the new generation hatch from their cocoons.|
Scoliidae are occasionally used by humans to combat grubs.
|Common names||Scoliid wasps, Mammoth wasps|
Asia (Far East, South Asia, West Asia, Central Asia, North Asia), Europe (North Europe, South Europe, West Europe, Southeast Europe, Central Europe, East Europe), Russia (Siberia)America
North America (USA, Mexico, Canada), South America (Brazil, Peru, Guyana), Central America (Costa Rica), Caribbean (Caribbean islands)Africa
East Africa (Indian Ocean islands, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Somalia, Rwanda, Eritrea, Burundi), Southern Africa (Republic South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho), Central Africa (Congo, Cameroon, Angola, Gabon, Central African Republic, Chad), West Africa (Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia, Gambia, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso), North Africa (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Sudan, Libya)Australasian
|Countries||Algeria, Angola, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Costa Rica, Croatia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Gabon, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guyana, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palestine, Peru, Portugal, Russia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe|
|Links and References||Scoliidae in faunaeur.org|
Scoliidae in itis.gov
Scoliidae in dyntaxa.se
Scoliidae in Wikipedia (English)
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